Minerals are organic substance that are present in the body tissue. In an adult 4% of the total body weight is from minerals. There are 16 essential minerals in the body. Minerals substance are important in maintaining good health because they are part of our tissue skeletal structure and the body fluids. Hormones, enzymes and vitamins contain minerals. Minerals are essential nutrient that our body needs to work properly. Most of us get minerals we need by eating a well and healthy balanced diet.

Sometime people need to supplement their diet with added vitamins and minerals. For example, pregnant women, planning to get pregnant should intake folic acid. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding may also want to consider taking a vitamin D supplement.

Importance of minerals:

Minerals are nutrient that exist in the body, and are as essential as our need for oxygen to sustain life.

  • Minerals are very important in keeping the blood and tissue fluids from either becoming too acid and too alkaline and they allow other nutrients pass into the bloodstream and aid in transporting nutrient to the cells.
  • They are must important factors in maintaining all physiological processes, are constituent of the teeth, bones, tissue, blood, muscle, and are nerve cells.
  • Our important organ like heart, nervous system cannot functioning normally in its absence.

The minerals are mainly categorized by two types based on how much present in our body they are:

  1. Major minerals








  • Trace minerals










Each one of this minerals has some role in maintaining the structure and function of vital organs of our body. Few milligrams of a minerals element decide the skeletal growth, mental ability of a person. During growth period and also during pregnancy, lactation and old age or even every stages of life needs certain minerals are very essential to maintain health and growth.

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